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JEE Advanced Physical Chemistry Syllabus

JEE Advanced Physical Chemistry Syllabus

JEE Advanced Physical Chemistry Syllabus

Physical chemistry

General topics

Concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical

formulae; Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept) involving

common oxidation-reduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions; Concentration

in terms of mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality.


Gaseous and liquid states

Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der Waals

equation; Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities

and their relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Vapour pressure; Diffusion

of gases.


Atomic structure and chemical bonding

Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers; Wave-particle duality, de

Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle; Qualitative quantum mechanical picture of

hydrogen atom, shapes of s, p and d orbitals; Electronic configurations of elements (up

to atomic number 36); Aufbau principle; Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule;

Orbital overlap and covalent bond; Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals only;

Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species; Hydrogen bond; Polarity in

molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only); VSEPR model and shapes of

molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal,

trigonal bipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).

Energetics

First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy, work and heat, pressure-volume work;

Enthalpy, Hess’s law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vapourization; Second law of

thermodynamics; Entropy; Free energy; Criterion of spontaneity.


Chemical equilibrium

Law of mass action; Equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier’s principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure); Significance of ΔG and ΔG0 in chemical equilibrium; Solubility product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions; Acids and

bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts); Hydrolysis of salts.


Electrochemistry

Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; Nernst equation

and its relation to ΔG; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells; Faraday’s laws of

electrolysis; Electrolytic conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductivity,

Kohlrausch’s law; Concentration cells.


Chemical kinetics

Rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; Rate constant; First order reactions;

Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation).


Solid state

Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α,

β, γ), close packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices; Nearest

neighbours, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects.


Solutions

Raoult’s law; Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapour pressure,

elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point.


Surface chemistry

Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms); Colloids: types,

methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions,

surfactants and micelles (only definitions and examples).


Nuclear chemistry

Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars; Properties of α, β and γ rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-

neutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.


Inorganic chemistry

Isolation/preparation and properties of the following non-metals

Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulphur and halogens; Properties of

allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulphur.


Preparation and properties of the following compounds

Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of

sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium; Boron: diborane, boric acid and borax;

Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums; Carbon: oxides and oxyacid

(carbonic acid); Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide; Nitrogen: oxides,

oxyacids and ammonia; Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid, phosphoric

acid) and phosphine; Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide; Sulphur: hydrogen

sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate; Halogens:

hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides.


Transition elements (3d series)

Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding

the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment; Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cis-

trans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral).


Preparation and properties of the following compounds

Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead; Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and

Zn2+; Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate, silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver

thiosulphate.


Ores and minerals

Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminium,

zinc and silver.


Extractive metallurgy

Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded); Carbon reduction

method (iron and tin); Self reduction method (copper and lead); Electrolytic reduction

method (magnesium and aluminium); Cyanide process (silver and gold).


Principles of qualitative analysis

Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide.


Organic chemistry


Concepts

Hybridisation of carbon; σ and π-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules; Structural

and geometrical isomerism; Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two

asymmetric centres, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded); IUPAC nomenclature of

simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, mono-functional and bi-functional

compounds); Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections); Resonance and

hyperconjugation; Keto-enoltautomerism; Determination of empirical and molecular

formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition

and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids; Inductive and

resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases; Polarity and

inductive effects in alkyl halides; Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions

and free radicals.


Preparation, properties and reactions of alkanes

Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and

density); Combustion and halogenation of alkanes; Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions.


Preparation, properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes

Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments);

Acidity of alkynes; Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the

stereochemistry of addition and elimination); Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and

ozone; Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by

elimination reactions; Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX and

H2O (X=halogen); Addition reactions of alkynes; Metal acetylides.


Reactions of benzene

Structure and aromaticity; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration,

sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation; Effect of o-, m- and p-directing

groups in monosubstituted benzenes.


Phenols

Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation);

Reimer-Tieman reaction, Kolbe reaction.


Characteristic reactions of the following (including those mentioned above)

Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reactions,

nucleophilic substitution reactions; Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation,

reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, conversion of

alcohols into aldehydes and ketones; Ethers: Preparation by Williamson’s Synthesis;

Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and nucleophilic

addition reactions (Grignard addition); Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid

chlorides and amides, ester hydrolysis; Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and

aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid, azo

coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions

of diazonium salts; carbylamine reaction; Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution

in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine

substitution).


Carbohydrates

Classification; mono- and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation, reduction,

glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose.


Amino acids and peptides

General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties.


Properties and uses of some important polymers

Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, teflon and PVC.


Practical organic chemistry

Detection of elements (N, S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following

functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone),

carboxyl, amino and nitro; Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic

compounds from binary mixtures.


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